There are actually many causes of these white spots. Bacterial and fungal infections may cause these spots to build up on the throat as a result of the inflammatory process.
What are the signs, symptoms, and causes of white spots in the throat?
The presence of these white spots may indicate bacterial or fungal infections. A good example is the streptococcal infection or strep throat, a very contagious disease. The signs and symptoms of strep throat are pain, yellowish spots on the throat, red to dark throat, cough, sore throat, and fever. The infection spread through direct contact and inhalation. Most of the time, it is a complication of an upper respiratory infection which was left untreated. This disease is very common among young children, since they have a low body resistance and are more susceptible.
Drinking cold beverages, cold climate, eating too much sweet foods, allergies, and shouting may also cause a sore throat.
Other fungal micro-organisms, such as candida albicans, an indigenous flora in the mouth may cause thrush. This is due to the excessive antibiotic intake which resulted to suppression of the immune system. In candidiasis, the white spots cause a sore throat. This infection occurred when the good micro flora are outnumbered by the bad ones.
Cause of white spots on throat.
The white spots on tonsils are usually caused by the tonsil stones or tonsiloliths. Tonsiloliths are stone like materials formed through the calcification of calcium, magnesium, or phosphorous on the tonsil crypts. It usually occurs on protruding tonsils. In some cases, white spots on throat signify throat cancer. Throat cancer can be inherited but is aggravated through unhealthy habits, such as cigarette smoking, and excessive alcohol intake.
White spots on the throat without the presence of fever and have no other symptoms such as pain means no severity of the problem. Sometimes it is only caused by food particles stuck only in the throat. The management for this type of throat problem may involve antibacterial, antifungal, surgery, and some home remedies. Antibacterial and antifungal medications are prescribed to eliminate present bacterial and fungal infections. Pain relievers can help to relieve pain caused by tonsiloliths.
Removal of this stones on the throat is done as a minor operation in an outpatient basis. Stones are manually removed using small forceps done by the doctor. Home remedies that relieve sore throat includes warm water gurgle mixed with salt. Throat cancer may need to be treated through chemotherapy and surgery. There are many diagnostic test needed to rule out and differentiate cancer from infection only. Sore throat caused by infection must be treated at once to prevent it from spreading down to the lower respiratory tract. Upper respiratory infections are prequel to the development of lung infections. In some cases, infection may spread down to the heart in the conditions like pericarditis and infective endocarditis.