Throat cancer is a more specific type of neck cancer. It usually starts from mild symptoms like simple sore throat, cough, hoarseness of voice and a lump on the neck. If left untreated, it will progress to more severe symptoms.
What are the causes, signs, and symptoms of throat cancer?
The pharynx and the larynx are the main parts involving the throat. In throat cancer, abnormal cell growths are found on the pharynx, larynx, and some parts of the oral mucosa. This type of cancer has familial tendency and aggravated by lifestyle. It could be classified as benign cancer or malignant cancer. Benign throat cancer involves an overgrowth of a tissue or cyst on the neck. It is usually treated through surgery and never will occur again. While malignant throat cancer is the progressive growth of abnormal cells which are present in the throat. Series of treatments are required to treat this kind of disorder.
Throat cancer in men is higher has higher incidence compared to women. This is due to some lifestyles that are very common, like cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol intake. Oral sex is also related to mouth and throat cancer. The human papilloma virus or HPV is the main causative agent for this type of cancer.
The earliest warnings of throat cancer are: hoarseness of voice, persistent cough, pain during swallowing, enlarged lump on the neck, which is same with the early signs of neck cancer. But the early signs of throat cancer are hoarseness of voice. The early signs of mouth cancer are: mouth sores that do not heal oral blisters, and lumps. In lungs cancer the early signs are: fatigue, cough, and blood tinged sputum. Sometimes lungs cancer presents no symptoms until it is already severe. It is aggravated by excessive cigarette smoking and consistent exposure to air pollutants. However, most of its cases are merely caused by heredity.
Mouth, throat, and lung cancer have similar signs and symptoms but some differ according to location. An enlarged lymph node on the neck does not only signify the presence of cancer. Most of the time it is caused by presence if infection. Causes of this type of cancer vary according to individuals.
How to diagnose and treat throat cancer?
The usual diagnostic tests to rule out the presence of cancer are laryngoscopy and biopsy. Tissue biopsy is the best diagnostic test to confirm malignancy cancer cells in all means. Malignant cancer cells will continue to grow and affect healthy cells surrounding it.
Cancer is treated through chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery. However, its severity and need differs. For a stage II throat cancer, chemotherapy and lifestyle change is very effective to prevent further progression of the disease. Survival rate of this type of cancer is high. But in severe cases, it will be too late to stop its progression. With the availability of the equipments to cure cancer, prevention is still the best treatment.