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These structures vary in sizes from microscopic to very big ones- that can even displace internal organs. In several occasions people confuse them with cancer lumps. But unlike cancerous tumours, cysts are smooth and can be moved underneath the skin easily while the tumours have undefined edges and are often immobile. Cysts on neck should not be cause of alarm as some require minimal or no treatment. It has also been found that cysts do not grow rapidly nor do they spread to other parts of the body as the cancerous lumps generally do.
Causes of neck cysts
There are many causes of cysts on the back of the neck or on the side of the neck. The most commonly seen cysts on neck are enlarged lymph nodes that are caused by bacteria or viral infections, malignancy or other causes. Infections affecting the salivary gland under the jaws may cause enlargement of the muscles in front of the neck commonly referred to as lumps. Occasionally, thyroid gland may also swell in the neck due to one having contracted thyroid disease or cancer. It is important to note though, that thyroid cancer is slow growing and can be cured by surgery even though present for many years.
In case there is some sort of blockage on the neck ducts, or cell abnormalities it may result into one having a cyst on neck. This is where the plugged ducts cause fluid build-up. In other cases, cysts can be caused by an inflammatory disease like ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease that are a major cause of the cysts on side of neck. There are also instances that a person is involved in an accident that may result to them having impact injury or torticollis that cause the vessels of the neck to break and consequently causing cyst, including the sebaceous cysts.
Medical personnel believe that most cyst probably occur due of shock to the region resulting from ingrown hairs. For example pilonidal cyst contains hair in the event they are expunged, though hair follicles have not been originally found in them. This has lead to conclusions that hair must have been introduced from the outside. These kinds of cysts on neck were most common with the soldiers of the World War and were associated with mechanical trauma they got when riding on the war trucks and tanks.
There are in some cases where one may have ganglion neck cyst out of it being a genetic condition passed through one’s family lineage. In such cases there is need to be careful to know the type of the cyst that they are developing. In case they detect that the cyst on back of neck they are having are the malignant one then they should seek medical attention without delay. This is so because there are cysts on neck that are tumours and are likely to develop within tumours and cause a person developing cancer which is a terminal disease if not detected and handled at the earlier stages. These are cysts like kerocyst and dermoid cysts that affect mature skin follicle, sweat glands, cartilage or the thyroid tissues.
Detecting and treatment for cysts
One of the easiest ways of detecting a cyst on neck is through touching because majority of the cysts can be felt as abnormal lumps underneath the skin. For example if a woman develops a mammary glands cyst or a skin cyst a person is able to feel them. There are cysts that develop in the internal organs of the body like the liver, pancreas or the kidney and times they are difficult to be noticed. There also may not present signs and symptoms that are noticeable and can only be medically detected through imaging studies. This is by use of ultra sound, MRI’s, X-rays, or CAT scans. Sebaceous cysts on neck that have been infected are much likely to pose signs and symptoms that can be noticed or be felt. These include pain, swelling and redness especially at the base of persons’ spine cord. Other times one is also likely to experience fever and will notice localized bumps.
Ultrasound technology has been used to visualize the size, location and the kind of content in the cyst whether it is liquid, semi solid or solid in nature. According to the cyst on the neck pictures, cancerous cysts on neck are more likely to have partially solid materials. Where it is to be determined if the cyst is cancerous or not, the patient’s CA-125 levels should be assessed especially when dealing with women aged thirty and above to determine the amount of protein levels. It has been found that some cancers cause protein levels to shot up especially among this age bracket that is more prone to the disease.
In the event of treating a cat cyst on the neck, considerations are made on the origin and on the location of the lump. For the large cysts resulting to noticeable symptoms they are probably to be removed surgically. A time also they may be drained by introducing catheter and collapsing it through the use of the Radiologic imaging. This enables the doctor to be able to access the draining process as well as ensure that all the content has been removed as per the cyst on the neck treatment procedure.
There are cases that a doctor may realise that the cyst on the neck is malignant and advice the cyst to be biopsied in order to rule any possibilities of malignancy. These kinds of the cysts are also removed surgically and the aspirated fluids examined to check on the cancer cells from the cyst. If it is determined that the cyst arises from a chronically medical condition like the fibrocystic then treatment is concentrated on the core state.